Name: Hossein Kadivar
Country/Area of Origin: Iran
Background: Kadivar is one of the group of nine Iranian Christian converts that were arrested throughout January an February 2019.
Reason for Arrest:
On 29 January 2019, Hossein Kadivar was arrested with Khalil Dehghanpour while attending a house church. Their arrests coincided with the detention of their Iranian Christian colleagues – Kamal Naamanian, Mohammed Vafadar, Shahrooz Eslamdoust, Abdolreza Haghnejad, Behnam Akhlagi, Mehdi Khatibi, and Babak Hosseinzadeh – who were arrested throughout other weeks in January and February.
In March 2019, six of the arrested men were released on bail to wait for formal sentencing. Haghnejad and Eslamdoust were not included in this group.
On their July 24th hearing, the nine men were charged with “acting against national security” and “promoting Zionism” and were each sentenced to five years imprisonment. Judge Mohammed Moghiseh disallowed the attorney who was representing five of the nine men; in response, the defendants rejected the court-appointed lawyer. Judge Moghiseh was very angered with the action and immediately transferred Akhlagi, Eslamdoust, Khatibi, and Hosseinzadeh to the notorious Evin Prison.
- In April 2020, The Council of United Iranian Churches (Hamgaam) called on the Iranian government to release religious prisoners of conscience in the following public statement [translated from Persian]:
- “The continuing outbreak of Corona in prisons and the lack of access to adequate health and medical facilities threaten the lives and health of many Iranian citizens, including Christian converts, and have left many families concerned.”
- 17 March 2020: Kadivar was included in the group of 85,000 prisoners that Iran temporarily released in efforts to reduce the threat of COVID-19 spreading in detention centers.
- In March 2020, the nine men had lost their appeals against their five-year sentences; ironically, none of the men nor their lawyers were allowed to attend the hearing the month prior. According to one of the lawyers, they believe that Iran is trying to “expedite its judicial processes due to a backlog of cases related to recent protests and a general breakdown as a result of the coronavirus outbreak.”